At first, the face is cleaned with a disinfectant. The patient is given a local anesthesia in the form of eye drops. The eyelids are painlessly immobilized with the use of a retractor. The patient will gaze at a blinking light above throughout the operation. During the first phase, the upper corneal cell layer (flap) is manually folded back.
Next, the surgeon then removes a thin layer of the corneal surface with a very precise laser beam. The laser fashions and forms the corneal tissue in such a way, to eliminate the vision defect and the curvature of the cornea. The patient does not feel pain- the only thing he may experience is the sound of the laser. The whole procedure is controlled by the surgeon, and he oversees the laser usage with the help of a microscope.
During the final stage of the procedure using the LASEK/PRK method, soft, protective lenses are put in place to protect the eyes following the surgery. The protective lenses are removed by the surgeon after 2-4 days.